Mad Science Parental Class Summary

This page is exclusively for the use of parents whose children have attended (or are about to attend) a Mad Sceince course.

Parents have told us that whilst their children always enjoy the clubs we run, they would like to know in greater detail what we actually cover in the sessions; so that they can support what we do at home.  We all know that sometimes the response from children to the question 'what did you do today?' can be less than enlightening!  

This page is for parents who want to extend the 'discussion' with their children about the key science concepts we cover in the afterschool clubs.

It can be used in conjunction with the 'Do try this at home' section in the Parent Zone of the Afterschool pages of the Mad Science website, click here to go to PARENT ZONE.  All you need to do is find the topic your child covered in the class and find the associated infomation in the list below.

If you have any questions about anything please let us know, either or 01159221113.

We do hope that you enjoy your experience.


  • We learned that atoms make up everything in the world.
  • Atoms are too small to see. We see can only see tham when they join together to make everything around us.
  • Atoms have more energy to move around when they are hot.
  • Hot molecules spread out more than cold ones.
  • We use thermometers to measure heat.
  • Friction creates heat.


  • White light is actually a mixture of the 7 different colours of the rainbow 
  • Objects absorb certain colors of light and reflect other colors of light.
  • We see the colors an object reflects.
  • Prisms split white light into the rainbow colors.
  • The name ROY G BIV stands for the rainbow colors red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet.


  • Sound moves in waves.
  • Sound waves happen when an object
  • Different vibrations will create different
  • We hear sounds when they move through
    matter like air, water, or wood.
  • Sound travels a different speeds through different mediums.
  • Sound travels faster through a solid than a gas. 
  • Long sound waves make deep-pitched sounds. Short sound waves make high-pitched sounds.



  • We use our eyes to see things but our brains to interpret what we see
  • Optical illusions trick our brains through our eyes.
  • Lines and coils drawn on paper can create optical illusions.
  • The light that bounces off a mirror is a reflection.
  • A mirage is a reflection that looks real.
  • A curved mirror can distort a reflection.



  •  Magnets have a north and south pole.
  • A magnetic field stretches between avmagnet's north and south poles.
  • Like poles repel or push away from each other.
  • Opposite poles attract or pull toward each other.
  • Some metals magnetize when rubbed with a magnet.
  • The Earth is a big magnet. This is why compasses point to the north pole.


  • There are taste buds on our tongues.
  • We need our sense of smell to taste food.
  • It is easier to identify scents if we see
    what we smell.
  • Each person has a different sense
    of taste.
  • Fizzy drinls are made from a mix of water and carbon
    dioxide gas.
  • Some of our favorite drinks contain
    lots of sugar.


  • Electricity is the flow of electrons which are parts of atoms.
  • Static happens when electrons move from one object to another.
  • Objects can build up a static charge and have a - charge.
  • The opposite of the - charge is a + charge.
  • Objects move together when they have the opposite charge and vice versa.
  • Lightning rods protect tall buildings by moving lightning to the ground.
  • The Van de Graaff generator creates static electricity.